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Study guide

In Texas, the Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS) regulates the training of people who work in home- and center-based facilities.
Must training meet criteria? DFPS recognizes clock hours or continuing education units (CEU) from various sources including 1) workshops offered by local school districts, colleges or universities, or child care licensing; 2) conferences; 3) self-instructional materials; and 4) planned learning opportunities. See minimum standards, §746.1317 for center-based care and §747.1315 for home-based care for further details.
All training must include specifically stated learning objectives; a curriculum, which includes experiential or applied activities; an assessment to determine whether the person has met the objectives; and a certificate of successful completion.
Does DFPS approve training resources or trainers for clock hours? No. It’s your responsibility to obtain relevant training from reliable resources. DFPS does recommend, however, that you preview all training materials and ask trainers to verify their knowledge of the subject—both experience and education, and training qualifications.
What is instructor-led training? This is usually a class led by an instructor, who communicates and interacts with learners by answering questions, providing feedback, and offering guidance or information on resources. Advantages include getting a break from the isolation of your work, networking and support, sharing knowledge, and learning about different practices in early care and education.
What is self-instructional training? This is training in which an individual works alone, at her own pace, to complete lessons or modules without the direction, assistance, or feedback of an instructor. That is why CPR and first aid training cannot be obtained through self-instructional training.
DFPS limits the number of annual training hours you can obtain from self-instructional materials. Check your minimum standards for details on these limitations; for home-based care, see §747.1325. For center-based care, see §746.1327.
How do I verify training for DFPS? To be counted toward compliance with minimum standards, the trainer or training source should provide you with a certificate or letter showing: your name, date of the training, title or subject of the training, the trainer’s name or the training source for self-instructional training, and the length of the training specified in clock hours, CEU’s, or college credit hours.
Keep all documentation in a safe place like a file cabinet or personnel file. DFPS licensing representatives may ask to review self-instructional materials to ensure training criteria are met. Do not mail your documentation to child care licensing or to the .
Can I use Texas Child Care for self-instructional training? Yes. DFPS will recognize two clock hours of self-instructional training credit from this issue, provided you do the following: 1. Review the checklist at right. 2. Study all articles that relate to your work with children. 3. Respond to the checklist with documented evidence (written descriptions, photographs, and charts, for example). Continue to study the article until you can provide documentation and answer “Yes” to each skill. 4. Attach a copy of the checklist or a cover page to your documentation. Be sure to include your name, the date you completed the documentation, and identify the issue and titles of the articles you studied.

Learning objectives and evaluation checklist

Teacher preparation: Exploring culture and identity
I can identify and describe in writing at least three reasons why it would be useful for teachers to explore their cultural identities.
I can define and provide written examples of self-awareness, cultural reciprocity, and cultural competency
I can list in writing the challenges and benefits of each of the five modes of cultural interaction.

Mountains: Climb into learning
I can define in writing the following geological terms: fault, magma, crust, lava, canyon, and mesa.
I can document with photos how I help children identify geological feature on globes and maps.
I can document with lesson plans, portfolio entries, journals, and anecdotal records children’s participation in at least four activities described in this article.

Television in early care programs: Cautions and guidelines
I can describe in writing at least three ways in which media can interfere with the optimal development of young children.
I can provide tip sheets and handouts I’ve used to help families understand the negative impact of media on young children.
I can document with lesson plans, photos, and classroom observation forms the ways in which I heed the cautions offered in this article.

Buttons, bows, zippers, and knots: Helping children hold it together
I can provide and explain a written chart covering the ages and stages of fine motor skill development in children.
I can document with lesson plans, portfolio entries, journals, and anecdotal records the ways I introduce and expand children’s understanding of basic self-help skills.
I can document with lesson plans, portfolio entries, journals, and anecdotal records children’s participation in at least four activities described in this article.

Meeting minimum standards: How are we doing and how can we improve?
I can identify and explain in writing at least four essential components of quality in early care and education programs.
I can provide evidence of my understanding of the differences between regulatory minimum standards and quality standards.
I can document with training records and organization membership my commitment to providing high quality experiences for children.